Legend has it that winds formed the landscape of the Jeju Island before the first inhabitants ventured upon its shores centuries ago. The original fishing-based settlements have been replaced, as this now a highly sought after honeymoon spot. The addition to Jeju International Airport attempts to formalize the strong winds responsible for the island’s landscape.
The mystery of this project was how to fuse into a coherent design vision the geography of a region with aspiration for technological advancement. The contextual pressures of the site and nature were used as an inspirational source, as opposed to the immediate built surroundings, which included an unwelcoming sea of parking against the relentless flatness of the topography
Having the wind as the form-giver for the scheme determined a curvilinear geometry that is something of a trademark in Form4’s work. Within the design for the international terminal addition, broadly sweeping stainless steel roofs create a dynamic flow that expresses both the strength and beauty of the winds. As the defining design metaphor for the scheme, the winds determine the curvilinear geometry of the design. Throughout, the notion of wind is revealed in the massing of the addition, the shape of the canopies, and the circulation of the interiors.
Abstracted wind currents sculpt the interior and the exterior in the tripartite layout. This is realized in the design of the terminal ramp, particularly in the wings at the edges of the ramps that stretch the building horizontally to express the flow of users. Elsewhere, slanted cylindrical volumes, reminiscent of local rocks and stones, suggest the coastline and encourage passengers to pause before they board the airplanes situated along the rounded plan. Because the departure gates are very high, the entire airport is raised in order to use the lower level freely.
Type Civic, transportation
Location Jeju, South Korea
Jung-il Architects, Seoul, Korea
F4 Team: John Marx
Form4 Architecture / Downtown
2017 Finalist, A+ Unbuilt Transportation, Architizer A+
2017 Winner, German Design Council
2016 Shortlisted, Future Projects/Infastructure, World Architecture Festival